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Population: 22.7 million Capital City: Canberra

Vast and remote, Australia is the only nation in the world that is both a country and an entire continent!

The Australian landscape is diverse with lush rainforests, arid deserts, impressive mountain ranges and breathtaking beaches.

Surrounded by the Indian and Pacific Oceans, Australia’s remote location means that many animals exist here that are found nowhere else in the world including the kangaroo, the koala, the platypus and the echidna.

Australia is also home to many of the deadliest animals on the planet including 36 species of poisonous funnel-web spider and 20 different types of venomous snake!

The country officially became a member of the Commonwealth in 1931, having become independent of the United Kingdom in 1901.

Australia is one of only six countries to have competed in every single Commonwealth Games. They have hosted the Games four times, with Gold Coast 2018 set to be number five.

Australian’s love sport and swimming, rugby, cricket, netball, surfing and Aussie rules (Australian rules football) are all very popular.

Australia is a very multicultural country, with over a quarter of all people living in Australia born overseas. Over 200 different languages and dialects are spoken in Australia including 45 Indigenous languages. The most common spoken languages after English are Italian, Greek, Cantonese, Arabic, Vietnamese and Mandarin.

The Glasgow XX Commonwealth Games are now over. This website is closed and for reference purposes only. Some external links may no longer work. For the latest news and information, please visit the Commonwealth Games Federation website.