Bangladesh joined the Commonwealth in 1972. It is one of the most crowded countries on Earth with a population of 150 million people. Over 15 million people live in the capital city Dhaka – over three times the amount of people that live in the whole of Scotland!
More than half of Bangladesh’s population earns their living from farming and agriculture. However, despite the high number of farmers in Bangladesh, its earnings come mainly from the clothing industry.
The national animal of Bangladesh is the Royal Bengal Tiger. Bangladesh is one of only four countries where it can be found in its natural habitat – the others being India, Nepal and Bhutan. Due to habitat loss caused by deforestation and hunting by human poachers, the tiger is now classified as an endangered species.
Other animals that you might bump into if you were in Bangladesh include elephants and several species of monkey. One of the more interesting monkeys that can be found there is the Hoolock gibbon, which is also known as the ‘singing ape’, due to the fact that it defends its territory by letting out a whistling song.
The climate in Bangladesh is tropical and it has six separate seasons, which are called grismo (summer), barsha (rainy), sharat (autumn), hemanto (cool), sheet (winter), and bashonto (spring). Bangladesh is now widely recognised to be one of the countries that are most vulnerable to climate change. Natural hazards come from increased rainfall, rising sea levels and tropical cyclones.
Bangladesh made its first appearance at the Commonwealth Games in Auckland, New Zealand in 1990, where they picked up a Gold and Bronze in the Shooting competition.