This is an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean. The principal islands are about 480 km east of the Patagonian coast of South America.
The island group comprises East Falkland, West Falkland and hundreds of smaller islands.
There are no trees, but you’ll see plenty of seabirds and penguins. The Falkland Islands is home to the world’s largest pinniped (fin-footed, semiaquatic marine) mammal – the elephant seal. Fourteen species of cetaceans have been recorded in the waters around the Falkland Islands, including killer whales, dolphins and humpback whales.
Scottish and Welsh emigrants settled on the main islands in 1833.
Devoted to sheep farming, the islands are home to sheep stations which vary in size and are owned by families and companies. The Falkland Islands Company, incorporated by Royal Charter in 1851, is the largest sheep rancher. The sheep are kept for wool and mutton, with wool being the Falklands’ leading export product.
Seismic studies have shown the presence of offshore oil reserves, and exploration licenses have been granted.
Stanley is the cultural centre, home to the Falkland Islands Museum and National Trust. Popular activities on the islands include birdwatching, fishing and horse riding.
Team sport is difficult on the Falklands because the islands have a small and scattered population. Nonetheless, Falklanders like clay pigeon shooting, rugby, badminton, and darts.
The Falkland Islands made its debut in the Brisbane 1982 Commonwealth Games and has taken part in every Games since. At the Delhi 2010 Commonwealth Games, Falklanders competed in Badminton, Lawn Bowls and Shooting.