Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located on the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula, at the entrance of the Mediterranean.
Densely populated, the majority of Gibraltar’s population lives on the west side of the hill. The east side overlooks the Mediterranean Sea.
The main sources of income are the provisioning of ships and military personnel, and tourism. The re-export of goods brought in by cargo ships also brings in revenue.
The Rock of Gibraltar has been a well-known landmark since ancient times. It’s one of the Pillars of Heracles in Greek mythology, created by the hero ripping Europe and Africa apart. Beyond the pillars, the Greek feared to navigate. A cable car ascends to the central summit of the rock. An intermediate station is called Apes’ Den.
Most of Gibraltar’s upper area is covered by a nature reserve, home to Barbary macaques (monkeys).
The main form of transport is the car. Motorcycles are also popular, and there’s a bus service. Unlike other British territories, traffic drives on the right side of the road.
Gibraltar Airport is close to the town centre, and is the only airport in the world which intersects with a road. Winston Churchill Avenue is Gibraltar’s busiest road, and has to be closed every time a plane lands or departs!
Football and cricket are popular sports. Rugby, shooting and darts are also enjoyed.
Gibraltar first took part in the Commonwealth Games in 1954.
Fun fact: The opening sequence of the James Bond film The Living Daylights (1987) with Timothy Dalton was filmed on Gibraltar, showing Bond and other agents parachuting from a plane onto the rock.
Sport fact: Gibraltar had the most successful Shooting team at the Aland 2009 Island Games, earning four Gold medals. The first was won in the 10m Air Rifle Team Event. Gibraltar also took Gold in the 50m Small Bore Team Event, and two team members won their individual competitions.