Home to over 1.2 billion people, India is the second most populated country in the world. It joined the Commonwealth in 1947.
It's a country known for its diversity and the liveliness of its cultural traditions.
The national flag is known as the Tricolour and the wheel in the centre is called the Ashoka Chakra. Each of the wheels 24 spokes represents the Laws of Dharma, a law that "maintains the regulatory order of the universe".
Religion is an important part of Indian culture; as many as 100,000 people make the daily pilgrimage to the Hindu temple Tirumala Venkateswara in Tirumala.
India's railway network is one of the largest in the world and carries around 25 million passengers on a daily basis. Add all those journeys together and the country's trains travel the equivalent of three and half trips to the moon every single day!
Children in India love music, film and dance, and India's film industry is the largest in the world.
Indian people enjoy festivals (there are over 1,000 every year) and celebrate the annual spring 'Holi' by throwing coloured powder and water at each other. It's spectacular!
To greet someone in India, place your hands together and say 'Namaste', which means 'I bow my head to you'.
India won an incredible 101 medals when they hosted the XIX Commonwealth Games in Delhi between 3rd - 14th October 2010.