Swaziland is a landlocked kingdom also known as Umbuso Weswatini. The country is a monarchy, currently ruled by King Mswati III.
The country is one of the well-watered areas of sub-Saharan Africa. The major rivers include the Ingwavuna and Black Umbeluzi. Near the rivers, and in the water when they're thirsty, you'll find wild animals such as elephants, lions, leopards and rhinos.
Swaziland's climate, landscape and soil are surprisingly varied. There are four different regions, running roughly parallel from north to south. From west to east they are the Highveld, Middleveld, Lowveld and the steep slope of the Lubombo (Lebombo).
About two-thirds of the population lives in rural areas.
The staple crop is corn. Other important crops are sorghum (used for the brewing of beer), cotton, pumpkins, beans, peas, fruit and other vegetables. Cattle are a traditional source of income and wealth.
The actor and director Richard E. Grant spent part of his youth in Swaziland, which he portrayed in the film Wah-Wah.
Music and dance are embedded in traditional Swazi culture. Traditional musical instruments are simple in design. A kudu horn (impalampala) is used for hunting or herding cattle. A calabash attached to a bow (umakweyane) is for love songs. Dancers wear rattles made of seedpods attached to their wrists and ankles.
Swaziland joined the Commonwealth in 1968.
It made its debut in the Edinburgh 1970 Commonwealth Games. The country has attended every Games since then.
Swaziland's first medal came at the Christchurch 1974 Commonwealth Games, when Richard Mabuza picked up a Bronze in the Men's Marathon.
At the Melbourne 2006 Commonwealth Games, Simanga Shiba won a Boxing Bronze medal in the Men's Light Flyweight competition. At Delhi 2010, Swaziland competed in five sports.