Tanzania was formed in 1964 by the union of the previously separate states of Tanganyika and Zanzibar.
In this East African country on the Indian Ocean you'll find Mount Kilimanjaro – Africa's highest mountain.
Although the capital is Dodoma, Dar es Salaam on the east coast is the main city, principal economic centre and central government hub.
A vast amount of minerals is mined in Tanzania, including Tanzanite – a precious gemstone that is only found here.
Coffee and cotton are the most important export crops. Other export products include cashew nuts, tea, tobacco and sisal. Zanzibar also produces about one-tenth of the world's supply of cloves.
Tanzania has many wildlife reserves and parks including the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, which is home to the world's largest inactive, intact and unfilled volcanic caldera and the Serengeti National Park where you can find up to 250,000 zebras..
The Mpingo trees (aka Africa blackwood trees) are common in Tanzania. They produce the most expensive hardwood, primarily used in fine furniture and musical instruments, including highland pipes!.
People under 15 years of age form almost half of the total population.
Tanzanians enjoy football, both as spectators and players. Dar es Salaam and Dodoma are rivals in the country's Mainland League.
Tanzania joined the Commonwealth in 1961.
The country has competed in the Commonwealth Games since Perth 1962. Tanzanians have won medals at every Games from 1970 to 2006.