Landlocked Zambia is situated on a high plateau in south-central Africa. It takes its name from the Zambezi River, which drains most of the country.
In 1855, the Scottish explorer David Livingstone was the first European to see the magnificent waterfall on the Zambezi, naming it the Victoria Falls. When describing them, Livingstone said: "scenes so lovely must have been gazed upon by angels in their flight". Locally the majestic falls are known as 'Mosi-o-Tunya' – the thundering smoke.
The Zambezi rises in north-west Zambia. It flows south through Angola, re-enters Zambia and forms the border with Zimbabwe, before running into Mozambique.
Zambia has a tropical climate which is modified by altitude. There's one rainy season which lasts from October to April. It's hottest from September to November.
Corn is a common crop on Zambian farms. In the north of the country the cassava, a traditional staple food, is making a come-back.
Football is the most popular sport in Zambia. At the Seoul 1988 Olympic Games, the national team, called 'Copper Bullets', defeated Italy 4–0. Kalusha Bwalya scored a hat- trick.
The country entered the Tokyo 1964 Olympic Games as North Rhodesia. It became independent during the Games, and left as Zambia.
Zambia joined the Commonwealth in 1964.
It made its Commonwealth Games debut, as a British Protectorate, at Vancouver 1954. The country has taken part in every Games since 1970, apart from 1986. The first Gold medal came at the Christchurch 1974 Commonwealth Games when Lotti Mwale won the Men's Light Middleweight title in Boxing. At the Delhi 2010 Commonwealth Games, Zambia took part in six different sports.